LGBT detainees around the world suffer greater rates of violence than other detainees, according to a new UN report published last week.
“Gender stereotypes still cause us to downplay the suffering of women, girls, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people and sometimes even acquiesce in it,” UN special rapporteur on torture Juan E. Méndez said in a statement.
At least 76 countries have laws criminalising consensual same-sex relationships between adults.
“Such laws foster a climate in which violence against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons by both State and non-State actors is condoned and met with impunity,” the report states.
The report also found the violence committed against these groups is often downplayed as a form of ill-treatment when it should be considered torture.
“The criminalisation of same-sex relationships and pervasive discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex persons lead to the denial of health care, information and related services, including the denial of HIV care, in clear violation of international human rights standards,” it reads.
According to the report, the failure of states to respond to the needs of female detainees is itself constitutive of torture.
“Denial of safe abortion services in some instances such as cases where the life of the mother is endangered, foetal impairment, or where the pregnancy is the result of rape and incest can also amount to torture or ill treatment of women”, Méndez said.
The report, which also focusses on detention conditions and health services, references studies that say up to 80 per cent of the worldwide female prison population are mothers – but nearly all prisons are designed for men.