The European Parliament have formally adopted a new set of asylum rules for the European Union that include gender identity as a grounds for persecution, which EU member states must take into account.

Governments have already agreed to the chang

es, which are final.

Until now, EU asylum law foresaw that “gender related aspects might be considered” by national asylum authorities when examining the potential persecution of specific social groups in their country of origin.

The resolution adopted today has replaced this text, and now specifies that “gender related aspects, including gender identity, shall be given due consideration”.

The text now refers to gender identity specifically, and obliges member states to consider gender-related aspects. Before, EU countries could still choose not to consider aspects linked to the applicant’s gender in asylum claims.

The text applies to all EU Member States except the United Kingdom, which opted out of EU asylum policies.

The resolution was successfully drafted and negotiated by Jean Lambert (pictured), a British member of the European Parliament in the Greens/EFA group.

This is the first time a binding EU Directive has included gender identity.

“Around the world, transgender people can be persecuted for who they are,” LGBT Intergroup vice-president Dennis de Jong MEP said.

“This reviewed directive will recognise the danger they face, and it will commit EU member states to taking gender identity into account in asylum claims. I hope in a future revision it will also become mandatory to consider the sexual orientation of applicants.”

The binding rules will apply after they are transposed into EU member states’ national law, except for the UK.

Due to access the EU in July 2013, Croatia is also expected to adapt its asylum laws.

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